Avoid charset problems with mysqldump

Posted in Mysql, 26.03.2016 09:03

Do not do this, since it might screw up encoding:

mysqldump -uroot -p database > utf8.dump # this is bad

Better do:

mysqldump -uroot -p database -r utf8.dump

Note that when your MySQL server is not set to UTF-8 you need to do mysqldump --default-character-set=latin1 (!) to get a correctly encoded dump. In that case you will also need to remove the SET NAMES='latin1' comment at the top of the dump, so the target machine won't change its UTF-8 charset when sourcing.

If you only want to dump the structure without data, use

mysqldump -uroot -p --no-data database -r utf8.dump

Importing a dump safely

Do not do this, since it might screw up encoding:

mysql -u username -p database < dump_file # this is bad

Better do:

mysql -uroot -p --default-character-set=utf8 database
mysql> SET names 'utf8'
mysql> SOURCE utf8.dump